The Lindy Hop is an American dance that evolved in Harlem, New York City in the 1920's and 1930's with the jazz music of that time. Lindy Hop is a fusion of many dances that preceded it or were popular during its development but is mainly based on Jazz, Tap, Breakaway, and Charleston. It is frequently described as a Jazz dance and is a member of the Swing dance family.
In its development, the Lindy Hop combined elements of both partnered and solo dancing by using the movements and improvisation of African American dances along with the formal eight-count structure of European partner dances. This is most clearly illustrated in the Lindy Hop's basic step, the swingout. In this step's open position, each dancer is generally connected hand-to-hand and, in its closed position, men and women are connected as though in an embrace.
Revived in the 1980's by American, Swedish, and British dancers, the Lindy Hop is now represented by dancers and loosely affiliated grass roots organizations in North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania.
Lindy Hop is sometimes referred to as a street dance, reflecting its evolution outside the centralized control of some organizing agency. Contemporary Lindy Hop remains an evolving dance form with no governing organization.